2012年11月21日 星期三

[101] 外國文(英文)選擇1-12題 - 調查局調工(英文)、國安局情報人員


考 試 別:調查人員、國家安全情報人員
類 科 組:調查人員調查工作組(選試英文)、國家安全情報人員各組(選試英文)


1. Although there were many _____ in his career as a baseball player, Chien-ming Wang refused to give up, and eventually he gained international recognition.
(A) setbacks
(B) coincidences
(C) distortions
(D) breakthroughs

(A) setback 挫折; 失敗
(B) coincidence 巧合
(C) distortion 扭曲; 變形
(D) breakthrough 突破

2. In their campaign speeches many candidates tend to _____  rather than assert their opinions or positions in certain political issues.
(A) admonish
(B) circumscribe
(C) equivocate
(D) mesmerize

【答案】: (C)
(A) admonish 責備
(B) circumscribe 在周圍畫線; 限制 Ex: Armstrong was the company president, though his powers were circumscribed.
(C) equivocate 說話模稜兩可; 含糊其辭
(D) mesmerize 迷惑;使著迷 Ex: The crowd was mesmerized by the acrobats. 
★ assert 主張;堅持

3. Closing the trash dump will reduce greenhouse gas  _____ by a minimum of 2 million tons of carbon dioxide a year, according to the city government.
(A) tolerance
(B) emissions
(C) admissions
(D) resistance

(A) tolerance 寬容
(B) emissions (能量或氣體等的)散發、排放
(C) admissions 進入許可
(D) resistance 抵抗, 反抗
★ greenhouse gas  溫室氣體
★ carbon dioxide 二氧化碳

4. Once a pattern of behavior has formed, it is difficult to break, especially if the _____ repercussions are not  experienced immediately.
(A) fantastic
(B) terrific
(C) negative
(D) prosperous

(A) fantastic 極好的, 了不起的
(B) terrific 非常好的, 了不起的
(C) negative 負面的
(D) prosperous 繁榮的
 ★ repercussion (常複數)後果; 影響 Ex: We didn't expect the decision to have such serious repercussions.

5. It is time to raise the tuition fee, but this small extra charge might put a _____ on enrollment numbers.
(A) brochure
(B) cache
(C) damper
(D) waiver

(A) brochure 小冊子
(B) cache 貯藏;藏匿處 Ex: Police found a cache of stolen cars in the woods.
(C) damper 使人掃興的人(或事)
 ★ put a damper on... 掃了...的興致 Ex: His bad mood put a damper on the celebration.
(D) waiver 放棄; 棄權證書 Ex: He signed an insurance waiver before surgery.
【中譯】:現在該是提高學費的時候了,但這一小筆額外費用可能會使註冊人數稍微縮水。 ★ tuition 學費
★ enrollment 登記;註冊

6. Sometime in the past 30 years, young Americans have become risk-averse, _____, and less inclined to pack up and move.
(A) forsaken
(B) sedentary
(C) bohimian
(D) somatic

(A) forsaken  被拋棄的 (forsake的過去分詞)
(B) sedentary 坐著的, 久坐的
(C) bohimian (bohemian 波希米亞的;放蕩不羈的)
(D) somatic 身體的; 軀體的
★ risk averse 風險厭惡、風險趨避或風險規避
★ pack up 整理行李 Ex: You may take a few minutes to pack up your things, but then you must leave.

7. Cinderella is one of the most famous folk stories, with more than 3,000 known _____ from countries around the world.
(A) species
(B) victories
(C) variations
(D) sediments

(A) species 種類
(B) victory 勝利
(C) variation 變化,稍加改變過後的版本 Ex: His newest book is just a slight variation on a familiar theme.
(D) sediment  沈積, 沈澱

8. The dog raised a _____ snarl as the veterinarian tried to give him a shot.
(A) capricious
(B) fallacious
(C) delicious
(D) vicious

(A) capricious 善變的;任性的
(B) fallacious 謬誤的
(C) delicious 美味的
(D) vicious 兇惡的;邪惡的
 ★ snarl 吠, 嗥(ㄏㄠˊ)
 ★ veterinarian 獸醫

9. We have to _____ our pace if we want to finish the project on time; the deadline is approaching.
(A) accelerate
(B) facilitate
(C) lacerate
(D) suffocate

(A) accelerate 加速
(B) facilitate 促進
(C) lacerate 撕裂, 割破 Ex: The patient's hand was severely lacerated.
(D) suffocate 使窒息

10. People are not supposed to talk behind others, not to mention their talk was slightly _____ and gossipy.
(A) appreciative
(B) diagonal
(C) malicious
(D) salutary

(A) appreciative 有欣賞力的, 感謝的
(B) diagonal 對角線的;斜的
(C) malicious 惡意的, 懷恨的
(D) salutary 有益的, (尤其是在不好的事發生過後)而有利的。Ex: The accident should be a salutary lesson to be more careful.

11. I need to put your arm in a _____ to keep it in the right position while it heals.
(A) stethoscope
(B) syringe
(C) splint
(D) stretcher

(A) stethoscope (醫生的)聽診器
(B) syringe 注射器
(C) splint (醫療用)夾板
(D) stretcher 擔架

12. It seems there is no escape for us from the _____  noise during the peak rush hours in this crowded city.
(A) dingy
(B) dilapidated
(C) ultimate
(D) ubiquitous

(A) dingy 骯髒昏暗的
(B) dilapidated 損壞的、破舊的
(C) ultimate  最後的, 最終的
(D) ubiquitous  無所不在的
★ peak 最高的, 高峰的
★ rush hour (上下班時)交通擁擠時間; 尖峰時間

2012年11月14日 星期三


「beg, borrow or steal」、「stop at nothing」、「by fair means or foul」、「by hook or by crook」這幾個片語都是指「不擇手段,無論用什麼方法也要達到目的」的意思。

1. beg, borrow or steal beg是求,borrow是借,steal是偷,不管是用求的、借的,甚至是用偷的也要得到想要的東西,換句話說就是不擇手段、用盡各種辦法也要得到。
I'm going to get a dress for the ball, whether I have to beg, borrow or steal one. (Cambridge Dictionary) 不管是要我用偷的還是用搶,我都要弄到一件禮服穿去舞會。

2. stop at nothing
She's one of these people who sets herself a goal and then she'll stop at nothing to achieve it.  她是那種一旦設定目標就會不顧一切去達成的人。

 3. by fair means or foul
He was determined to become senator, by fair means or foul. 他決定不論用什麼方法都要當上參議員。

4.  by hook or by crook
這個片語早在14世紀就出現了,但它的來源眾說紛紜。有種說法是,中古英國時有個傳統,讓農民從皇室森林中取木材,不論是用鉤刀(billhook)割還是用牧羊人的曲柄杖(crook)鉤下來都可以。另一種說法是,1649年英國軍政領袖奧利弗·克倫威爾(Oliver Cromwell)攻擊愛爾蘭的瓦特福Waterford時曾說不論從Hook Head鎮還是從Crooke鎮攻擊都能取下此地。或是hook和crook兩個字本身都帶有不正當的意思。諸如此類各種說法莫衷一是。
I decided that I was going to get that job by hook or by crook. 我決定將不擇手段得到這份工作。